3 Main Types of Rehabilitation Therapies You Must Know
Rehabilitation therapy goals vary from person to person, making it a challenge to determine where you fit until you’re properly attended to by a specialist. With a 3.1% growth in occupational therapists from 2015 to 2020 in the US, rehabilitation therapy is increasingly growing. Here are three main types of rehabilitation therapies you need to know about.
- Occupational therapy
This health management method incorporates the use of specific treatments to offer specialized assistance to patients. Usually, some people require daily specialized help to go through the day or perform certain tasks. For clarification purposes, occupation doesn’t only refer to your professional life or the work you do to earn a monthly income. Instead, it can also be used to describe self-care practices and other daily tasks you engage in. The ultimate goal is to participate in activities you otherwise couldn’t have been able to do by yourself.
In many instances, modification is the key element in occupational therapy. This involves altering the immediate environment to enable you to complete tasks. Furthermore, in doing so, you (as the patient) develop crucial skills essential to perform daily activities. It’s worth knowing that every type of therapy comes in two forms: in-patient and outpatient rehabilitation therapies.
- In-patient therapy
As the name implies, this therapy system requires the patient in question to be present at the health facility. Usually, this’ll be the case for persons who have undergone amputation or suffered a stroke and are expected to recover to a point before being discharged.
- Outpatient therapy
This therapy system is the exact opposite of the in-patient; the person receives help from a convenient location other than the clinic or hospital. It’s why in-home occupational therapy services continue to be popular in this treatment style. Usually, the home is the best location for outpatient therapy sessions because of the comfort and familiarity it offers.
- Physical therapy
Typically, physical therapy from somewhere like LifeMotion Physical Therapy is used to quicken the recovery period for a person who has suffered a life-altering injury. In other instances, it could be as a result of stroke, surgery, sports-related bodily injuries, etc. It usually involves teaching such persons how to use mobility aids such as crutches, canes, or Zimmer frames.
In most cases, when a physician recommends physical therapy for a patient, the initial step is to evaluate the following:
- Posture and balance
When these three are assessed, the physical therapist then creates a workable plan to relieve pain. This’ll include helping you to regain mobility and an appreciable level of functionality. As mentioned earlier, these therapy sessions can be done as an in-patient or outpatient. Some treatment methods characteristic of physical therapies include:
- Heat or cold therapies to ease pain (it may include massage)
- Gait retraining
- Learning to use an artificial limb
- Speech therapy
This is the third type of therapy treatment for persons with speech challenges. In many cases, this therapy method is useful in cases such as:
- Cerebral Palsy
- Cleft Palate
- Down syndrome (associated with problems drinking and swallowing)
Moreover, persons who stammer or have lisp challenges can also benefit from a speech therapist’s services. In effect, speech therapy’s overall objective is to make efficient use of tongue mechanics with articulation. Speech therapy sessions are deemed successful only when there are noticeable improvements in the patient’s verbal communications.
Sometimes, you may need multiple levels and types of therapy to treat a condition. Although these are reserved for more severe cases, it helps to know that some can be learned. This is especially for persons who receive in-home therapy services and are taught how to perform basic treatment methods.